How End-to-End Testing Effects Agile Teams

End-to-end testing in an agile team ensures usability for your software by simulating real-world scenarios

Nowadays, most software follows an as-a-Service pricing and development model. This model promotes a user-friendly interface because customers can more easily and readily switch to a competitor if the software takes too long to learn. To provide a user-friendly experience, you need to create seamless software that simply works for all intended use cases.

However, with the average organization using over 100 SaaS products, it's not enough to only ensure your software works. It also needs to work alongside any other software your intended market uses.

If one of these SaaS products alters the code due to an update or bug, you need to ensure your software continues to operate as intended. But, how do you test this wide range of variables in a reasonable amount of time without going over budget? That’s where end-to-end test automation comes in. It provides a refined process for testing software based on the potential use cases for your product.

What is End-to-End Testing?

End-to-end testing provides a method to verify that a web-based application continues to perform as expected under settings and scenarios representative of production environments. Much like testing a car or any other product to ensure it has the fortitude to withstand various user learning curves, end-to-end test automation aids in ensuring that the system operates correctly.

Of course, testers cannot anticipate every issue or scenario that the system may undergo. However, there are plenty of common scenarios based on the expected use cases you can test for. End-to-end testing aims to simulate, from beginning to end, the actions of an actual end-user. This invasive testing aims to fix any issues or bugs in the system before it goes to market.

When end-to-end scenarios are successfully completed, the software functions properly from initial setup to integrations with external software. This confirms that the software functions as intended for the tested use case.

Software systems and applications in the present era are intricate, intertwined systems. Frequently, they are composed of several connected subsystems, each of which consists of additional subcomponents. If just one of the nodes has a problem, the web-based software as a whole might not work. Therefore, a significant risk is present in the majority of today's applications. You can avoid this risk by performing exhaustive end-to-end testing to confirm all internal and external connections work for any given use case.

End-to-End Software Lifecycle

Test planning, design, execution, and results analysis are the four essential steps that make up an end-to-end testing lifecycle.

  • Test Planning: Identifies the most important tasks and determines the schedule and resources.
  • Test Design: The specification of tests, formation of test cases, analysis of risks and usage, and scheduling of tests.
  • Test Execution: Execute the test cases, record any problems, and record the testing findings.
  • Results Analysis: Review the testing results, make any necessary adjustments to the testing, and carry out needed additional testing rounds.

Why is End-to-End Testing Important in the Software Development Lifecycle?

End-to-end testing allows organizations to confirm the quality of their product for intended processes prior to release. Most teams use end-to-end testing as a final review before release on all completed functionalities, products, and systems. Every test serves as a comprehensive review of the entire intricate system.

Further tests are carried out on the systems when the frameworks' results do not comply with the predicted values or when a concern gets discovered. When something like this occurs, the development team will have to document the bug, examine the data, and determine where the bug first appeared. After the source of the error has been located, the bug can be resolved and then subjected to further testing.

End-to-end testing normally gets carried out by team members who understand the app's architecture and the tested product. This makes it easier for the team members to locate the bug and then send notes to the appropriate team.

10 Advantages of Implementing End-to-End Testing for Agile Teams

Putting software through end-to-end testing helps guarantee it is ready for deployment and makes a difference in avoiding expensive release problems. It allows agile teams to efficiently check any sprint with a finished product to ensure functionality. Here are ten advantages of implementing end-to-end testing for your agile team.

1. Error Scan and Detection

In the Agile development methodology, the end-to-end software testing typically gets performed after each runtime trial installment. The quality assurance team will locate and resolve issues in a related development more quickly. Fixing application bugs as soon as possible lowers the likelihood that you will release those bugs into production, which in turn helps to keep workflows operating normally and efficiently.

2. Increase the Scope of the Tests

When incorporating all of the different subsystems into the application testing phase, the team can effectively boost the testing coverage and produce more comprehensive test cases.

3. Helps Decrease the Amount of Time Spent Repeatedly Testing

Agile end-to-end testing cuts down on the number of recurring breakdowns and the amount of time spent performing repetitive test steps.

4. Helps Bring Down the Cost

The benefits of automation testing in agile include lower error rates and breakdowns and more thorough testing at each stage. As a result, the QA testing team that is employed will not have to repeat any tests, which also will, in the long run, save both time and the money that you would have spent on extra testing iterations.

5. Shortens the Interval Between Production and Market Entry

It is possible to reduce the likelihood of later-stage issues occurring throughout software and application development by utilizing automated end-to-end testing. Finding and fixing bugs at an earlier stage in the software development lifecycle saves effort and funds and makes it possible to release updates more rapidly. Consequently, testing the core business flow pattern helps prevent massive issues that can turn into roadblocks for the prompt release of sprint iterations.

6. Verification of the Application's Fine Health and Stability

Testing in agile from beginning to end or end-to-end testing in agile verifies that the software is fully operational and operates properly at each level. These levels include statistics, business, interoperability, and presentation. In addition, the development team will better understand how well it operates in various environments.

7. Improves Confidence and Trust in End-to-End Business Operations

Before releasing code to production, increasing stakeholder confidence by validating the firm workflow over a variety of browsers, systems, and devices is a necessary step.

8. Appealing to a Wide Variety of Distinct Groups

Testing from beginning to end benefits many different teams and departments within any development team.

  • Developers prefer end-to-end testing since most of the testing gets carried out by others.
  • Writing and running tests confirming real-world behavior gives testers a greater sense of personal fulfillment than any other type of testing. In addition, two common errors, namely missing bugs and writing incorrect test cases, are not made, which is a huge relief.
  • Managers derive value from the fact that they gain an understanding of the consequences that would result from a failed end-user simulation test for actual end-users.

9. Opportunities for Automation

End-to-end test automation offers opportunities for enhancing testing efficiency, leading to considerable payoffs and cost reductions. Testing from beginning to end is a time-consuming process. If the end-to-end testing process is not automated, you will need to carry out the procedure manually every time. Doing the same test manually over time is time-consuming, laborious, and error-prone. End-to-end testing offers plenty of opportunities for automated testing.

10. Focuses Teams on a Specific Service

Software teams must concentrate on a particular service during a run. Most of today's software applications use several different integrated solutions or sub-systems. During a typical session, Agile teams do not normally interact with all of the subsystems or services, which means that there is a possibility that one of the plug-ins will become corrupted. As a result, the development team is responsible for ensuring that changes made to a single service do not adversely affect user functions throughout the full lifecycle.

Challenges of E2E Testing

Experts always work vigilantly to identify errors in complicated workflows that present several challenges. In E2E testing, there are two main ones for which you should prepare.

Arranging and Sequencing User Actions

Gain an understanding of the application's workflow and carry out the test cases within an end-to-end test suite in the correct order. This succession should correspond with how the final user navigates through the application. Creating test suites that correspond to this reality can be gruesome, particularly when there are potentially thousands of test scenarios.

Establishing a Portrayal of the Production Setting

On a single system, it is simple to test various apps in development or test cases that are isolated from one another when one compares this to the actuality of guaranteeing that a portrayal of the manufacturing environment persists for all subsystems. After completing the configuration of all of these environments, the next challenge is integrating them. And finally, there is the added difficulty of conducting manual tests across various browsers and devices. The good news is that automated testing can be of assistance concerning browsers and operating systems.


E2E tests are extremely powerful and can assist in determining whether or not high-value user transactions are working effectively. They contribute to the team's ability to ensure that the application they deliver is high quality.

End-to-end tests should cover the most important business-related flows of the application. With the help of end-to-end testing, errors get avoided, costs get reduced, and workflows become more efficient.